Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a surprisingly common disorder among young women today. September is PCOS awareness month, and Foreverfit joins hands with the global movement, to spread awareness. 

#1 It’s a hormone disorder

PCOS is a result of hormonal imbalance in the body, particularly of sexual hormones. It occurs when the level of progesterone and estrogen goes haywire, leading to the development of small ovarian cysts.

Once the disease develops, you may have symptoms, such as irregular periods, extra weight gain, acne flare ups, depression, and excessive hairiness. Ironically, however, PCOS is often missed, and women learn they have it only when they try and become pregnant. At this time, they realise that the irregular periods are a serious problem and infertility is a real possibility.

#2 Impacts more than your ovaries

The term ‘polycystic ovary syndrome’ is misleading, because this impacts much more than a woman’s ovaries. In fact, PCOS affects the overall health of women.  Commonly, this leads to insulin resistance – a condition similar to that found in diabetics, reflected by raised levels of insulin in the blood.

So, PCOS predisposes you to diabetes. In addition, this disorder is the leading cause of female infertility, and a risk factor for cancer, heart disease and other life-threatening illnesses too.

#3 All women are prone to developing PCOS

Hormonal imbalance can occur in both thin and fat women. While being overweight or obese contributes to this hormonal imbalance (belly fat produces hormones and other substances that disrupt normal metabolic function), PCOS may occur in normal weight or underweight women as well.

#4 There is no sure cure 

There is no cure for PCOS, and treatment focuses on managing and slowing the progression of symptoms. While contraceptive pills are prescribed for women to manage symptoms and regulate the menstrual cycle, these shouldn’t be regarded as a cure.

# 5 Making lifestyle changes reduces symptoms

If there’s one thing we know for sure about PCOS, it’s that an active lifestyle can improve it’s progression. So, get onto a high fibre, moderate-to-low carbohydrate diet and do at least 3 hours of moderate intensity physical activity in a week. You can consider counting your carbohydrates, to keep them in check.

Also, have your blood sugar, cholesterol and blood pressure levels checked periodically, especially after the age of 30.

#6  Losing weight reduces symptoms

For most patients, weight loss is the first and foremost treatment advised to manage Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Weight loss, reduces the impact of undesirable hormone production.

Importantly, experts say that even losing 5% of body weight will have an impact on your whole metabolic profile. But bear in mind that even weight loss will just reduce symptoms, and may not cure the condition.